Introduction


Coffee is a non-alcoholic drink and is considered a prestigious beverage in the world. Since its discovery in Ethiopia around 850 AD, Coffee drinking has become a regular habit of billions of people throughout the world and its popularity is increasing day by day. By volume, coffee is the second largest product to be sold in the world, only after petroleum products. It is cultivated in more than hundred countries, Brazil being the largest producer. The USA is the largest coffee consumer while European countries are ahead in percapita coffee consumption.

Coffee in Nepal

Nepal is rich in geographical and altitudinal variations. Its altitude ranges from 60 mts to 8848 mts high, Mt. Everest, which is the highest peak in the world. Nepal is located between 80 to 88 east latitude and 26° to 30° north longitude. A large number of agro-climatic pockets and topographical conditions prevail in the country. This makes it possible to produce large number of agro products in the country. Moreover, high altitude of Nepal reflects in good quality, taste and aroma as far as coffee production is concerned in Nepal, Coffee was introduced in Gulmi (a district in the western Nepal), which came from Burma brought by Mr. Hira Gire in 1938 AD. It remained as an ornamental garden plant till late 1970’s. It was only in 1976 AD that coffee was categorized as a potential cash crop. After that, with the government’s initial support, the farmers started coffee farming in the country.

Madanpokhara Palpa district is known as a pioneer for organic coffee production since 1989 AD and an institution was developed as Nepal Coffee Producers Association (NCPA) in 1991 AD. Mr. Dhakeswor Ghimire is a founder president of NCPA.

NCPA started to organize training on organic coffee production and processing with the facilitation of international experts in 1998 and declared to go commercially for organic coffee production an processing through out the country. Since then all the coffee in Nepal has been traded as default organic. The government has also passed the national level policy 2003 which is article 3.11 highlights the promotion of organic coffee production and processing NCPA became a national level association of coffee producers in 2054 (1998) leading by Mr. Dhakeswor Ghimire. Then District Coffee Producers Association (DCPA) are gradually formed in the district level. Now NCPA has 15 districts and the members are 30,000. Palpa is one of them. In Nepal

In 2038 Aswin (1981) two hectors rain fed agriculture land of MR.D.Ghimire’s has flooded & destroyed by heavy rainfall like a desert land. Then the Ghimire’s family started one of them. In Nepal coffee industry uses two main method to produce green beans: Dry Process (Natural) and wet process.

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